Impact of the human element on shipping safety

In the CyClaDes project the issue of "human element factors in shipping safety" is addressed by an international consortium assembled to represent critical stakeholders in the yard, supplier, operator, and seafarer communities along with industrial and/or academic experts on ergonomics and work space design, classification societies, and a flag state administration.

The consortium will evaluate the impact of the human element on shipping safety across all phases of the design and operational life cycle. The goal is to identify approaches, technologies, and innovative solutions to aid the design process, overcome implementation barriers, and improve operational procedures.
Initial analyses will be performed to identify and describe how tasks and processes are completed in the real world environment, in reference to existing guidelines when available. Qualitative and quantitative methodologies will be utilized to examine sea farer operations including those on the bridge but with a focus on the engine room and other ship areas that are typically neglected. Additional analyses will be conducted at the stakeholder level to examine barriers to guideline implementation, namely what are the factors that prohibit existing guidelines from being implemented across the acquisition, design, and deployment stages. The results will be documentation of best practices, worst practices, and problem areas of focus.
In a subsequent step these results will be utilized to develop a framework for integrating human factors into the design and operation of ships and ship systems. A crosswalk of best practices and design issues will be evaluated for implementation recommendations from the perspectives of human-centered design, resilience engineering, training methodologies, and operational procedures and tools (e.g., for inspection guidance).
The needs of specific stakeholders in the design and operation of ships and ship systems will be supported in the following ways:
Designers: by providing guidelines and best practices for the user-centered design of safety-relevant aspects of ships and ship systems
Operators and maintainers: by considering end user needs during acquisitions,

  • by providing training for their crews,
  • by providing recognition of best practices

End users: by implementing methodologies and processes for incorporating user input throughout the entire design process

  • by providing novel kinds of training approaches for crew members.
  • by promoting the development user-friendly work stations and processes to increase utility, usability, reduce errors, and increase user satisfaction.

Rule-makers and authorities: by developing an approach for a more comprehensive consideration of human element analysis in the context of the rule making process.

  • by providing human element training and/or tools for assessors